Mar 16, 2022 46 min read

Evidence-Based References from the SelfCare Book by Rory Callaghan (Complete List)

Evidence-Based References from the SelfCare Book by Rory Callaghan (Complete List)
Evidence Based Resource List for the SelfCare Book by Rory Callaghan
Table of Contents

“We live by each other and for each other. Alone we can do so little. Together we can do so much.” — Helen Keller

DEDICATION of THE SELFCARE BOOK

This is for all of us.

This curation of consciousness is for all the people who: ...are sick and tired of being sick and tired,
...are seeking simplicity in a sea of complexity, ...know that deep down they do not need to be fixed, simply nourished,
...want to ignite their human potential through their bodies’ innate wisdom,
...want to live in their highest vibration so that they can serve from abundant overflow,
...are driven to optimize their performance in this once-in- a-lifetime human experience,
...are inspired to live their legacy, not just leave one, ...are empathetic and compassionate souls serving from an empty cup,
...want to help everyone else, before helping themselves.

This is for you and everyone you care about.

Initially, I wrote this for my patients and my mum. But, then I realized that I was writing it for me. My imperfect perfect, self. I needed to learn and embody this message and vision before sharing it with you. Which means, we are all doing this together.

This is for my family, friends, my local community and our global family. Mum, this is for you. You are the hero of this story. To my dad, and my extended family that goes beyond blood, thank you for your support, challenging questions and guidance in the darkest of times.

This is a dedication to all the lightworkers, working behind the scenes, illuminating the darkness. You too are the heroes of this story. I see you.

This book is simply a reminder of what you already know and feel to be true.

The keys are in your hands. The universe is conspiring in your favor.

It’s time to trust your innate wisdom and tune into the source of it all. From my heart to yours. Big love and thank you.

THE MEANING AND THE MISSION

A number of great minds, from Albert Einstein to Dikran Marsupial and even Richard Freyman said a similar thing—“If you can’t explain it simply enough to a six-year-old, then the truth is that you don’t yet know it well enough yourself.” So, here’s our six-year-old version of truth.

OUR INTENTION—“EMPOWER & ENABLE”

Our intention is to empower you on your own personal journey, merging ancient wisdom with a modern existence so that you too can be happy, healthy, connected and living towards a unified and sustainable existence for all. Together as one global community on this fragile blue planet.

OUR VISION—“THE RISING BILLIONS”

We believe that good health and wellbeing is a human right for all people, of all ages, regardless of geography, race, religion or luck of birthright. It is a human right for all of us, not just for some us.

OUR MISSION—“1 IN 8 PEOPLE”

To empower good health and wellbeing by enabling personalized, integrated and holistic approaches to health, happiness and connection in a unified and sustainable world. All while reducing the burden of chronic preventable disease in this generation and future generations. If we influence 1 in every 8 people, we will create a ripple effect of positive change: one person, family and community at a time.

My personal mission is to promote health happiness and connection in a unified and sustainable world. SelfCare is about empowering each of us (me included) to look after ourselves so that others may never need to. It is a human-centric, natural, energetic and spiritual approach that unlocks our human potential and empowers each of us to optimize our human experience in our own unique way. This enables each individual to have an impact and create an intergenerational ripple effect

of positive change. This is a natural outcome when we each learn to fill our own cup daily and serve from overflow. The future is abundant. There is enough for all of us. Let’s learn to thrive together as one, sharing and circulating life’s abundance so that we create a world that is a win for all.

Rory Callaghan

WARNING

READING THIS COULD RISK YOUR CURRENT HEALTH

This book is a book of choices. If you make a positive lifestyle choice or change—your life will also change. If you are suffering with fatigue, burnout, poor health and vitality, I warn you that reading this could risk your current state of poor health. If you are seeking the secrets hidden in plain sight to ignite your human potential, optimize your performance and live your ultimate experience, then you will find that here too, within the fields of ancient wisdom and evidence-based science.

Live fast and die young; enjoy healthy moderation; or live to longevity— the choice is yours! This is a supportive and non-judgmental community of people simply doing their best!

I intend for this book to be a positive disruption in your life and in the lives of those you care about. Naturally, like many new changes, it may seem strange at first, or even a little uncomfortable or inconvenient— but one thing I can assure you is that your life will change for the better!

It’s time to live as an empowered driver in your life, not the passive passenger.

We do not need to be fixed, we simply need to make better daily choices and aim to create happy and healthy communities that enable us all to thrive.

So, I repeat—if you make a positive lifestyle change—your life will change; don’t say I didn’t warn you.

You may even do more of this

5 AGREEMENTS BEFORE WE BEGIN

This book is a conversation, a framework, an adaptable matrix that will evolve over time just as we do. It’s something set to challenge our underlying belief systems, reinforce thoughts and inspire embodied daily action. It is designed to show you where to look, to curate ancient wisdom and modern science, simply—but never tell you what to see or do; that is up to you.

On Reality: “ fundamental conclusion of the new physics also acknowledges that the observer creates the reality. As observers, we are personally involved with the creation of our own reality. Physicists are being forced to admit that the universe is a ‘mental’ construction.” — R.C. Henry, Professor at Johns Hopkins University

On Evidence and unknowns: “The absence of evidence is not evidence of absence, or vice versa.” — Donald Rumsfeld

On Shared wisdom: “All truly wise thoughts have been thought already thousands of times; but to make them truly ours, we must think them over again honestly, until they take root in our personal experience.” — Johann Wolfgang von Goethe

On Collaboration: “We are like dwarfs sitting on the shoulders of giants. We see more, and things that are more distant than they did, not because our sight is superior or because we are taller than they, but because they raise us up, and by their great stature add to ours.” Metalogicon by John of Salisbury, 1159

On Collective impact: “We live by each other and for each other. Alone we can do so little. Together we can do so much.” — Helen Keller

TASTER - HERE IS THE FIRST CHAPTER

IF YOU WOULD LIKE THE FULL COPY

SelfCare “Lifestyle Medicine for the People”
SelfCare “Lifestyle Medicine for the people” is A Personalised ’12 Medicines’ Formula: For A Healthier, Happier, More Connected You! A reminder that you have never needed to be fixed, simply nourished.

CONTENTS

Foreword  xiii  

Introduction xix

  1. Pain to Purpose
  2. You Have Never Needed To Be Fixed
  3. Ignite Your Human Potential
  4. Are You Happy?
  5. Are You Healthy?
  6. Are You Connected?  
  7. A Personalized Approach
  8. Ancient Wisdom For A Modern World
  9. We Are The Solution
  10. Co-living in the Blue Zone.
  11. Live Your Ultimate Human Experience

12 Medicines of SelfCare

  1. Nature is Medicine
  2. Environment is Medicine
  3. Connection is Medicine
  4. Genes are Medicine
  5. Mind is Medicine
  6. Food is Medicine
  7. Movement is Medicine
  8. Work is Medicine
  9. Lifestyle is Medicine
  10. Spirit is Medicine
  11. Modern is Medicine
  12. Technology is Medicine

The 12 Medicines and Beyond

  1. About the Author  
  2. Acknowledgments
  3. References

THE MEANING AND THE MISSION

  1. True Health Initiative, accessed online 29 November 2021, https://www. truehealthinitiative.org
  2. Katz, D. L., Frates, E. P., Bonnet, J. P., Gupta, S. K., Vartiainen, E., & Carmona, R. H. (2018). “Lifestyle as Medicine: The Case for a True Health Initiative.” American journal of health promotion : AJHP, 32(6), 1452–1458. https://doi. org/10.1177/0890117117705949

INTRODUCTION

  1. Adapted from The State of the Village Report, original version by Donella H. Meadows. https://thevillage.org
  2. Clinton Global Initiative, “Empowering Girls & Women.” Accessed online December 3
  3. https://www.un.org/en/ecosoc/phlntrpy/notes/clinton.pdf

CHAPTER 1. PAIN TO PURPOSE

  1. Campbell, Joseph, 1904–1987, Phil. Cousineau and Stuart L. Brown. 1990. The Hero’s Journey: The World of Joseph Campbell : Joseph Campbell On His Life and Work. San Francisco: Harper & Row.

CHAPTER 2. NEVER NEEDED TO BE FIXED

  1. https://mokokoma.com
  2. Alexander, Bruce K. Professor Emeritus, Simon Fraser University (2010) “Addiction: The View from Rat Park,” available from https://www.brucekalexander.com/ articlesspeeches/rat-park/148-addiction-the-view-from-rat-park
  3. Alexander, Bruce K. “Towards Controlling the Drugs and Alcohol Problem in Scotland: Going Up the Down Staircase. ” Available from http://www.brucekalexander.com/articles-speeches/treatmentarecovery/216-scotland-aberdour-1
  4. Alexander, B.K. The Globalization of Addiction: A study in poverty of the spirit, Oxford Univ. Press, 2010.
  5. Hyman, Mark Dr. The Doctor’s Farmacy with Mark Hyman, M.D. [podcast] “The Most Important Medicine for your Health and Longevity with Radha Agrawal.” https:// podcasts.apple.com/us/podcast/most-important-medicine-for-your-health-longevity-radha/id1382804627?i=1000423382942
  6. Hari, Johann. Ted Global London. TED.com. “Everything you think you know about addiction wrong.” Accessed June 2nd 2021. https://www.ted.com/talks/johann_hari_everything_you_think_you_know_about_addiction_is_wrong/transcript?language=en
  7. Cohen, Peter (1990), Table of contents. In: Peter Cohen (1990), Drugs as a social construct. Dissertation. Amsterdam, Universiteit van Amsterdam. pp. I–IV. Accessed http://www.cedro-uva.org/lib/cohen.drugs.toc.html

CHAPTER 3. IGNITE YOUR HUMAN POTENTIAL

  1. 1 Silicon Valley Historical Association, “Steve Jobs Secrets of Life,” Oct 6, 2011, YouTube. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=kYfNvmF0Bqw
  2. What Is Epigenetics. Website accessed 3rd December 2020. https://www. whatisepigenetics.com
  3. Palagini, L., Biber, K., & Riemann, D. (2014). “The genetics of insomnia--evidence for epigenetic mechanisms?” Sleep medicine reviews, 18(3), 225–235. https://doi. org/10.1016/j.smrv.2013.05.002
  4. Sleiman, S. F., Henry, J., Al-Haddad, R., El Hayek, L., Abou Haidar, E., Stringer, T., Ulja, D., Karuppagounder, S. S., Holson, E. B., Ratan, R. R., Ninan, I., & Chao, M. V. (2016). “Exercise promotes the expression of brain derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) through the action of the ketone body ß-hydroxybutyrate.” eLife, 5, e15092. https:// doi.org/10.7554/eLife.15092
  5. Iradj Sobhani, Emma Bergsten, Séverine Couffin, Aurélien Amiot, Biba Nebbad, Caroline Barau, Nicola de’Angelis, Sylvie Rabot, Florence Canoui-Poitrine, Denis Mestivier, Thierry Pédron, Khashayarsha Khazaie, Philippe J. Sansonetti. “Colorectal cancer-associated microbiota contributes to oncogenic epigenetic signatures.” Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 2019; 201912129 DOI: 10.1073/ pnas.1912129116
  6. Global Burden of Disease Study 2013 Collaborators (2015). “Global, regional, and national incidence, prevalence, and years lived with disability for 301 acute and chronic diseases and injuries in 188 countries, 1990–2013: a systematic analysis for the Global Burden of Disease Study 2013.” Lancet (London, England), 386(9995), 743–800. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0140-6736(15)60692-4

CHAPTER 4. ARE YOU HAPPY?

  1. Armenta, Christina N., Megan M. Fritz, and Sonja Lyubomirsky. “Functions of Positive Emotions: Gratitude as a Motivator of Self-Improvement and Positive Change.” Emotion Review 9, no. 3 (July 2017): 183–90. https://doi. org/10.1177/1754073916669596
  2. Csikszentmihalyi, Mihaly (1990). “Flow: The Psychology of Optimal Experience.” New York: Harper and Row. p.4. https://www.researchgate.net/publication/224927532_Flow_The_Psychology_of_Optimal_Experience
  3. SAVE — Suicide Awareness Voices of Education, “Suicide Facts,” https://save.org/about-suicide/suicide-facts
  4. Maslow, A.H. (1943). “A theory of human motivation.” Psychological Review. 50 (4): 370–6. CiteSeerX 10.1.1.334.7586. doi:10.1037/h0054346 – via psychclassics.yorku.ca.
  5. Frankl, Victor (1992). Man’s Search for Meaning. (4th ed.). Boston, MA: Beacon Press. Frankl 1992, p. 143.
  6. Baumeister, Roy & Vohs, Kathleen & Garbinsky, Emily. (2012). “Some Key Differences between a Happy Life and a Meaningful Life.” The Journal of Positive Psychology. 8.10.2139/ssrn.2168436.
  7. Ibid.
  8. ibid.

CHAPTER 5. ARE YOU HEALTHY?

  1. WHO (1946) Preamble to the Constitution of the World Health Organization. WHO, New York, USA
  2. World Health Organization, The Ottawa Charter for Health Promotion. First International Conference on Health Promotion, Ottawa, 21 November 1986. https:// www.who.int/healthpromotion/conferences/previous/ottawa/en
  3. McKinley Health Center—Illinois. Online post: “Understanding Wellness.” Accessed December 2020. https://www.mckinley.illinois.edu/health-education/wellness
  4. Pozhitkov, A. E., Neme, R., Domazet-Lošo, T., Leroux, B. G., Soni, S., Tautz, D., & Noble, P. A. (2017). “Tracing the dynamics of gene transcripts after organismal death.” Open biology, 7(1), 160267. https://doi.org/10.1098/rsob.160267
  5. Australian Institute of Health and Welfare 2016. Australia’s health 2016. Australia’s health series no. 15. Cat. no. AUS 199. Canberra: AIHW.
  6. The Lancet, Global Burden of Disease (GBD) Resource Centre, https://www.thelancet. com/gbd
  7. Karma-gliṅ-pa, Padma Sambhava, Gyurme Dorje, Graham Coleman, and Thupten Jinpa. 2005. The Tibetan book of the dead (English title): the great liberation by hearing in the intermediate states (Tibetan title). London: Penguin, pp. Coleman, Graham. The Tibetan Book of the Dead: First Complete Translation (Penguin Classics) Kindle Edition, 6 November 2008, Penguin
  8. The World Bank, Data: “Mortality rate, under-5 (per 1,000 live births)” [online], https://data.worldbank.org/indicator/SH.DYN.MORTEstimates developed by the UN Inter-agency Group for Child Mortality Estimation (UNICEF, WHO, World Bank, UN DESA Population Division) at childmortality.org
  9. World Health Organization (WHO), 9 December 2020, “The top ten causes of death.” https://www.who.int/news-room/fact-sheets/detail/the-top-10-causes-of-death Ibid.
  10. Scully J. L. (2004) “What is a disease?” EMBO reports, 5(7), 650–653. https://doi.org/10.1038/sj.embor.7400195
  11. Max Roser and Hannah Ritchie (2016 “Burden of Disease.” Published online at OurWorldInData.org. Retrieved from: ‘https://ourworldindata.org/burden-of-disease’ [Online Resource] 14 Ibid.
  12. World Health Organization (WHO), “Noncommunicable diseases,” 13 April 2021, accessed June 3, 2021, https://www.who.int/news-room/fact-sheets/detail/noncommunicable-diseases
  13. Max Roser and Hannah Ritchie (2016 “Burden of Disease.” Published online at OurWorldInData.org. Retrieved from: ‘https://ourworldindata.org/burden-of-disease’[Online Resource]
  14. Ford, E. S., Bergmann, M. M., Kröger, J., Schienkiewitz, A., Weikert, C., & Boeing, H. (2009) “Healthy living is the best revenge: findings from the European Prospective Investigation Into Cancer and Nutrition-Potsdam study.” Archives of internal medicine, 169(15), 1355–1362.
  15. ibid
  16. ibid
  17. Liu L, Johnson HL, Cousens S, Perin J, Scott S, Lawn JE, Rudan I, Campbell H, Cibulskis R, Li M, Mathers C, Black RE; Child Health Epidemiology Reference Group of WHO and UNICEF. “Global, regional, and national causes of child mortality: an updated systematic analysis for 2010 with time trends since 2000.” External Lancet. 2012;379(9832):2151-61.
  18. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, “Global Diarrhea Burden: Diarrhea: Common Illness, Global Killer.” https://www.cdc.gov/healthywater/global/diarrhea-burden.html#one
  19. https://drhyman.com
  20. Scully J. L. (2004) “What is a disease?” EMBO reports, 5(7), 650–653. https://doi.org/10.1038/sj.embor.7400195
  21. World Health Organization (WHO), “Mental health” https://www.who.int/mental_health/management/depression/daly/en
  22. GBD 2016 Disease and Injury Incidence and Prevalence Collaborators (2017). “Global, 364 regional, and national incidence, prevalence, and years lived with disability for 328 diseases and injuries for 195 countries, 1990–2016: a systematic analysis for the Global Burden of Disease Study 2016.” Lancet (London, England), 390(10100), 1211–1259. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0140-6736(17)32154-2
  23. GBD 2016 Disease and Injury Incidence and Prevalence Collaborators (2017). “Global, regional, and national incidence, prevalence, and years lived with disability for 328 diseases and injuries for 195 countries, 1990–2016: a systematic analysis for the Global Burden of Disease Study 2016.” Lancet (London, England), 390(10100), 1211–1259. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0140-6736(17)32154-2
  24. ibid.
  25. Scafoglieri, Aldo, and Jan Pieter Clarys. “Dual energy X-ray absorptiometry: gold standard for muscle mass?.” Journal of cachexia, sarcopenia and muscle vol. 9,4 (2018): 786–787.
  26. Mayo Clinic. “Hyperglycemia in diabetes”, [online], accessed June 3 2021. https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/hyperglycemia/symptoms-causes/syc-20373631
  27. Davis, Kathleen. Medical News Today, Medically reviewed by Dr. Payal Kohli, M.D. FACC — (July 15, 2019) “What to know about hyperlipidemia.” Accessed June 2 2021, https://www.medicalnewstoday.com/articles/295385
  28. World Health Organization, 13 April 2021, “Noncommunicable diseases.” https://www.who.int/news-room/fact-sheets/detail/noncommunicable-diseases
  29. OECD Better Life Index, “Health” accessed online June 3, 2021. http://www.oecdbetterlifeindex.org/topics/health
  30. Ibid.
  31. GBD 2016 Disease and Injury Incidence and Prevalence Collaborators (2017). “Global, regional, and national incidence, prevalence, and years lived with disability for 328 diseases and injuries for 195 countries, 1990–2016: a systematic analysis for the Global Burden of Disease Study 2016.” Lancet (London, England), 390(10100), 1211–1259. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0140-6736(17)32154-2
  32. Ibid.
  33. Statista “Global health – Statistics & Facts” (November 12 2020), accessed Jun 3 2021.https://www.statista.com/topics/4274/global-health
  34. The World Bank, Data, “Population ages 80 and above.” https://data.worldbank.org/indicator/SP.POP.80UP.MA.5Y
  35. WorldAtlas, “Countries with the most centurians.” https://www.worldatlas.com/articles/countries-with-the-most-centenarians.html
  36. Ibid.
  37. Guinness World Records. “Guinness World Records News.” Published online 27 February 2013. Accessed February 2020. https://www.guinnessworldrecords.com/news/2013/2/japans-misao-okawa-confirmed-as-oldest-living-woman-aged-114- years-359-days-47249
  38. Guinness World Records. “Guinness World Records News.” Published online 31 March 2020. https://www.guinnessworldrecords.com/news/2020/3/englishman-bob-weighton-confirmed-as-the-worlds-oldest-man-living-at-112-years-o-613615

CHAPTER 6. ARE YOU CONNECTED?

  1. The Sloan Digital Sky Survey, SDSS, “The Elements of Life Mapped Across the Milky Way by SDSS/APOGEE.” Published online January 5 2017. Accessed February 2020. https://www.sdss.org/press-releases/the-elements-of-life-mapped-across-the-milky-way-by-sdssapogee
  2. David, Bohm. Wholeness and the Implicate Order (Routledge & Kegan Paul, London, 1980; Ark, London, 1983). It reproduces Bohm’s articles in Found. Phys. 1, 111 (1971) and Found. Phys. 3, 139 (1973). See in this context also D. Bohm, “Quantum theory as an indication of a new order in physics,” in: Rendiconti della Scuola Internazionale di Fisica “Enrico Fermi,” Course 49, Foundations of Quantum Mechanics, B. D’Espagnat, ed. (Academic Press, New York, 1971).
  3. Lovelock, J. E. (1989), “Geophysiology, the science of Gaia.” Rev. Geophys., 27( 2), 215– 222, doi:10.1029/RG027i002p00215.

CHAPTER 7. A PERSONAL APPROACH

  1. Johnson, Ian. The Independent. “What is the human body made of?” Published online Friday 05 August 2016, retrieved December 2020. https://www.independent.co.uk/news/science/what-human-body-made-a7173301.html
  2. Ibid.
  3. Liana Fasching, Yeongjun Jang, Simone Tomasi, Jeremy Schreiner, Livia Tomasini,
  4. Melanie V. Brady, Taejeong Bae, Vivekananda Sarangi, Nikolaos Vasmatzis, Yifan Wang, Anna Szekely, Thomas V. Fernandez, James F. Leckman, Alexej Abyzov, Flora M. Vaccarino. “Early developmental asymmetries in cell lineage trees in living individuals.” Science, 2021 DOI: 10.1126/science.abe0981
  5. Mokili, John L et al. “Metagenomics and future perspectives in virus discovery.” Current opinion in virology vol. 2,1 (2012): 63–77. doi:10.1016/j.coviro.2011.12.004
  6. Cobian Guemes, A. “EXPLORING THE GLOBAL VIROME AND DECIPHERING THE ROLE OF PHAGES IN CYSTIC FIBROSIS.” UC San Diego. (2019). ProQuest ID: CobianGuemes_ ucsd_0033D_18986. Merritt ID: ark:/13030/m5wh7x7k. Retrieved from https:// escholarship.org/uc/item/1103w639
  7. Nature [article], 08 MAY 2019, “These 19 viruses live in human lungs and mouths.” https://www.nature.com/articles/d41586-019-01470-6
  8. Ed Yong, https://edyong.me/i-contain-multitudes
  9. Chopra, Deepak. Tanzi, Rudolph. Super Genes: Unlock the Astonishing Power of Your DNA for Optimum Health and Well-Being. (10 November 2015) Harmony; 1st edition.
  10. Segerstrom, Suzanne C, and Gregory E Miller. “Psychological stress and the human immune system: a meta-analytic study of 30 years of inquiry.” Psychological bulletin vol. 130,4 (2004): 601-30. doi:10.1037/0033-2909.130.4.601
  11. CK12.org, “The Smarter Way to Learn”, [online] https://www.ck12.org/book/ck-12-biology-advanced-concepts/section/17.3

CHAPTER 8. ANCIENT WISDOM FOR A MODERN WORLD

  1. Stony Brook University. “New research of oldest light confirms age of the universe.” ScienceDaily. www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2020/07/200715170541.htm (accessed December 2, 2021).
  2. National Geographic Research Library Collection, “The Age of the Earth” [online] National Geographic. https://www.nationalgeographic.org/topics/resource-library-age-earth/?q=&page=1&per_page=25
  3. Ibid.
  4. California Academy of Sciences. “Landmark study on the evolution of insects.”
  5. ScienceDaily. www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2014/11/141106143709.htm (accessed December 2, 2021).
  6. Malaspinas, AS., Westaway, M., Muller, C. et al. “A genomic history of Aboriginal
  7. Australia.” Nature 538, 207–214 (2016). https://doi.org/10.1038/nature18299
  8. Max Roser, Esteban Ortiz-Ospina and Hannah Ritchie (2013) - “Life Expectancy.”Published online at OurWorldInData.org. Retrieved from: https://ourworldindata.org/life-expectancy
  9. Parry, Wyne, September 19, 2013, “How Much Longer Can Earth Support Life?” Live Science @ Livescience.com, https://www.livescience.com/39775-how-long-can-earth-support-life.html
  10. Strawson, Galen. The Guardian. “Sapiens: A Brief History of Humankind by Yuval
  11. Noah Harari – review.” Published online Thursday 11 September 2014. Retrieved December 2020. https://www.theguardian.com/books/2014/sep/11/sapiens-brief-history-humankind-yuval-noah-harari-review Malaspinas, A. S., Westaway, M. C., Muller, C., Sousa, V. C., Lao, O., Alves, I., Bergström, A., Athanasiadis, G., Cheng, J. Y., Crawford, J. E., Heupink, T. H., Macholdt, E., Peischl, S., Rasmussen, S., Schiffels, S., Subramanian, S., Wright, J. L., Albrechtsen, A., Barbieri, C., Dupanloup, I., ... Willerslev, E. (2016). “A genomic history of Aboriginal Australia.” Nature, 538(7624), 207–214. https://doi.org/10.1038/nature18299
  12. Joy of Museums Virtual Tour, Australian Aboriginal Sayings, retrieved online Dec https://joyofmuseums.com/museums/australasia-museums/australian-museums/australian-aboriginal-sayings-quotes
  13. Ibid.
  14. Djiniyini, Terry. “The Land Is My Mother.” Aboriginal and Islander Health Worker Journal 9, no. 2 (July 1985): 6–7. https://search.informit.org/doi/10.3316/ielapa.096141427116198.
  15. Dispenza, Joe. 2015. You are the placebo: making your mind matter, Carlsbad, California : Hay House.
  16. Hirshkowitz, M., Whiton, K., Albert, S. M., Alessi, C., Bruni, O., DonCarlos, L., Hazen, N., Herman, J., Katz, E. S., Kheirandish-Gozal, L., Neubauer, D. N., O’Donnell, A. E., Ohayon, M., Peever, J., Rawding, R., Sachdeva, R. C., Setters, B., Vitiello, M. V., Ware, J. C., & Adams Hillard, P. J. (2015). National Sleep Foundation’s sleep time duration recommendations: methodology and results summary. Sleep health, 1(1), 40–43. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.sleh.2014.12.010

CHAPTER 9. WE ARE THE SOLUTION

  1. Poulain M, Pes GM, Grasland C, et al. “Identification of a geographic area characterized by extreme longevity in the Sardinia island: the AKEA study.” Experimental Gerontology. 2004;39(9):1423–1429.
  2. “Longevity, The Secrets of Long Life.” National Geographic Magazine. November 2005. Buettner, Dan (21 April 2009) [2008]. “Contents”. The Blue Zones: Lessons for Living Longer From the People Who’ve Lived the Longest (First Paperback ed.). Washington, D.C.: National Geographic. p. vii. ISBN 978-1-4262- 0400-5. OCLC 246886564. Retrieved 15 September 2009.

CHAPTER 10. CO-LIVING IN THE BLUE ZONE

  1. Blue Zones®Bluezones.com “Blue Zones Project Results.” Published online, retrieved Dec 2020. https://www.bluezones.com/blue-zones-project-results/#beach-cities-ca
  2. Ibid.
  3. Senthilingam, M. (2018, March) CNN News. https://www.cnn.com/2018/03/02/health/hong-kong-world-longest-life-expectancy-longevity-intl/index.html
  4. Ibid.
  5. HKJC Centre for Suicide Research and Prevention, HKU *Provisional figures for 2018 (registration death date up to 31 Jul 2019) https://csrp.hku.hk/statistics
  6. Ibid.
  7. Catsnake (catsnake.com) “Secrets of Food Marketing.” https://catsnake.com/our-videos/compassion-in-world-farming

CHAPTER 11. LIVE YOUR ULTIMATE HUMAN EXPERIENCE

  1. Time Magazine. “This Baby Could Live to 142 Years Old.” February 12, 2015. https:// time.com/3706775/in-the-latest-issue-23
  2. World Health Organization. The Global Health Observatory. “Global Health Estimates: Life expectancy and leading causes of death and disability.” Published online. https:// www.who.int/data/gho/data/themes/mortality-and-global-health-estimates
  3. Clark, William. A Means to an End: The Biological Basis of Aging and Death. New York: Oxford University Press, 1999. Pp. 234. Material sourced @ Martin, George M.. “A Means to an End: The Biological Basis of Aging and Death.” American Journal of Human Genetics vol. 65,5 (1999): 1477–1478.
  4. Jerry W. Shay, Woodring E. Wright. “Senescence and immortalization: role of telomeres and telomerase.” Carcinogenesis, Volume 26, Issue 5, May 2005, Pages 867–874, https://doi.org/10.1093/carcin/bgh296
  5. Hekimi Lab — http://hekimilab.mcgill.ca
  6. Montgomery, Mark. Radio Canada International. “How long is the potential life
  7. expectancy of humans?” July 4, 2017. https://www.rcinet.ca/en/2017/07/04/how-long-
  8. is-the-potential-life-expectancy-of-humans
  9. Gregor, Michael. “How to Protect Our Telomeres with Diet.” April 26th, 2016. https://nutritionfacts.org/2016/04/26/how-to-protect-our-telomeres-with-diet
  10. Glassman, Alanna. Chatelaine. “How to live to 100 years old as shared by a centenarian.” Published online September 11, 2014. https://www.chatelaine.com/health/how-to-live-to-100-years-old-as-shared-by-a-centenarian
  11. Kahan, Scott. Blog post — “Genes load the gun, environment pulls the trigger.” Published online October 18 2010. http://scottkahan.com/genes-load-the-gun-environment-pulls-the-trigger
  12. Campisi J. (1997). “The biology of replicative senescence.” European journal of cancer (Oxford, England : 1990), 33(5), 703–709. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0959-8049(96)00058-5
  13. Ibid.
  14. Clear, James. 2018. Atomic Habits: Tiny Changes, Remarkable Results : An Easy & Proven Way to Build Good Habits & Break Bad Ones. New York: Avery, an imprint of Penguin Random House.

12 MEDICINES

CHAPTER 1. CONNECTION IS MEDICINE

  1. Foresting Life. 2013 Documentary. Humanity Watchdog. Directed By: Aarti Shrivastava. https://web.archive.org/web/20140509044350/http://www. humanitywatchdog.org/films/foresting-life-2013
  2. Global Footprint Network — https://www.footprintnetwork.org
  3. B1G1.com
  4. Ibid.
  5. Global Footprint Network — https://www.footprintnetwork.org
  6. Ibid.
  7. His Holiness the 14th Dalai Lama of Tibet. Official website www.dalailama.com. Published online “Universal Responsibility and the Environment.” Source indicated from website: Excerpt from My Tibet by H.H. the Fourteenth Dalai Lama: Thames and Hudson Ltd., London, 1990 (p 79–80). https://www.dalailama.com/messages/environment/universal-responsibility
  8. Isack, H. A., & Reyer, H. U. (1989). “Honeyguides and honey gatherers: interspecific communication in a symbiotic relationship.” Science (New York, N.Y.), 243(4896), 1343–1346. https://doi.org/10.1126/science.243.4896.1343
  9. Peglar, Tom. Yellowstone Park. “1995 Reintroduction of Wolves in Yellowstone.” Published online June 30, 2020. https://www.yellowstonepark.com/park/yellowstone-wolves-reintroduction
  10. Ibid.
  11. Ripple, W.J.; Beschta, R.L. 2012. “Trophic cascades in Yellowstone: The first 15 years after wolf reintroduction.” Biol. Cons. 145: 205–213.
  12. https://rebellion.global
  13. Bar-On, Yinon M. and Phillips, Rob and Milo, Ron (2018) “The biomass distribution on Earth.” Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 115 (25). pp. 6506–6511. ISSN 0027-8424. PMCID PMC6016768. https:// resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:20180521-155526693
  14. Living Planet Report 2018. World Wide Fund for Nature. https://livingplanet.panda.org
  15. Carrington, Damian - Environmental editor. “Humanity has wiped out 60% of animal populations since 1970, report finds.” The Guardian. Published online October 30,
  16. https://www.theguardian.com/environment/2018/oct/30/humanity-wiped-out-animals-since-1970-major-report-finds
  17. Tipper R., Forestry and the Clean Development Mechanism, Edinburgh Centre for Carbon Management, 12th May 2000. Pederson T. 2000. Climate Change Fore and Aft: Where on Earth are We Going. IGBP Newsletter 44.
  18. Nepstad, D., McGrath, D., Stickler, C., Alencar, A., Azevedo, A., & Swette, B. et al. (2014). “Slowing Amazon deforestation through public policy and interventions in beef and soy supply chains.” Science, 344(6188), 1118–1123. doi:10.1126/ science.1248525
  19. Fearnside, P. M. (2005). Deforestation in Brazilian Amazonia: history, rates, and consequences. Conservation biology, 19(3), 680–688.
  20. Boucher, D., Elias, P., Lininger, K., May-Tobin, C., Roquemore, S., & Saxon, E. (June 2011). The Union of Concerned Scientists (UCS), “The root of the problem: what’s driving tropical deforestation today?” Cambridge, MA. https://www.ice.ucdavis.edu//files/ice/UCS_RootoftheProblem_DriversofDeforestation_FullReport.pdf [This report is available online (in PDF format) at www.ucsusa.org/whatsdrivingdeforestation]
  21. Handcrafted Films, The Reunion. https://vimeo.com/112387515
  22. United Nations Development Programme. UNDP. “The Answer Is in Nature.” Published online https://www.undp.org/content/undp/en/home/stories/the-answer-is-in-nature.html.
  23. Maeterlinck, Maurice. The Life of the Bee. Translated by Alfred Sutro. New York. May
  24. Twenge, Jean M, and W Keith Campbell. “Associations between screen time and lower psychological well-being among children and adolescents: Evidence from a population-based study.” Preventive medicine reports vol. 12 271–283. 18 Oct. 2018, doi:10.1016/j.pmedr.2018.10.003
  25. Lile, Christopher, May 18 2018. Jane Goodall Organisation. “Good news for all: The Greatest Danger to Our Future is Apathy for Endangered Species.” https://news. janegoodall.org/2018/05/18/greatest-danger-future-apathy-endangered-species
  26. Morrow, Julian. ABC Australia, Sunday Extra, “Doctors in Scotland are prescribing nature as a treatment.” Broadcast Sun 22 Nov 2020. https://www.abc.net.au/radionational/programs/sundayextra/doctors-in-scotland-are-prescribing-nature-as- a-treatment/12897268
  27. Fleischer, Evan. World Economic Forum. “Doctors in Scotland can now prescribe nature.” October 15, 2018. https://www.weforum.org/agenda/2018/10/doctors-in-scotland-can-now-prescribe-nature?fbclid=IwAR2h17w
  28. Bond, Michael. BBC article “How extreme isolation warps the mind.” Published online May 14, 2014. https://www.bbc.com/future/article/20140514-how-extreme-isolation-warps-minds
  29. Before The Flood. Documentary film directed by Fisher Stevens. Produced by Fisher Stevens, Leonardo DiCaprio, Jennifer Davisson, James Packer, Brett Ratner and Trevor Davidoski. October 21, 2016. Distributed by National Geographic Documentary Films.
  30. Herrero, Mario & Havlík, Petr & Valin, Hugo & Notenbaert, An & Rufino, Mariana & Thornton, Philip & Blümmel, Michael & Weiss, Franz & Grace, Delia & Obersteiner, Michael. (2013). “Biomass use, production, feed efficiencies, and greenhouse gas emissions from global livestock systems.” Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America. 110. 10.1073/pnas.1308149110.
  31. Goodall, Jane. Blog article “Dr Jane Goodall’s Message For Peace.” Published online September 20, 2017. https://news.janegoodall.org/2017/09/20/dr-jane-goodalls-message-for-peace
  32. footprintcalculator.org
  33. Silverstone, Michael. Blinded by Science. Lloyds World Publishing 2011. United Kingdom.

CHAPTER 2. ENVIRONMENT IS MEDICINE

  1. Baggini, Julian. Freedom Regained: The Possibility of Free Will. University of Chicago Press, London, 2015.
  2. Ibid.
  3. Ibid.
  4. Ibid.
  5. Benjamin, Emelia J et al. “Heart Disease and Stroke Statistics-2019 Update: A Report From the American Heart Association.” Circulation vol. 139,10 (2019): e56–e528. doi:10.1161/CIR.0000000000000659
  6. UNICEF. “World Water Day: Nearly 750 million people still without adequate drinking water – UNICEF.” NEW YORK, 20 March 2015. https://www.unicef.org/media/media_81329.html
  7. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations. “World hunger falls, but 805 million still chronically undernourished.” 16 September 2014, Rome. http://www.fao.org/news/story/en/item/243839/icode
  8. Pantsios, Anastasia. EcoWatch. “Solar Light Solution for 1.6 Billion People Living Without Electricity.” Jan. 09, 2015. https://www.ecowatch.com/solar-light-solution-for-1-6-billion-people-living-without-electricity-1881999519.html
  9. Do Something.Org. “11 Facts about global poverty. 10% of the world’s population lives on less than $1.90 a day.” https://www.dosomething.org/us/facts/11-facts-about-global-poverty
  10. FAO, IFAD and WFP. “The State of Food Insecurity in the World 2014. Strengthening the enabling environment for food security and nutrition.” Food and Agriculture Organization of the UN, 2014. Web Accessed February 25, 2015.
  11. Do Something.Org. “11 Facts about global poverty — 10% of the world’s population lives on less than $1.90 a day.” https://www.dosomething.org/us/facts/11-facts-about-global-poverty
  12. South China Morning Post. “Joko Widodo completes rise from slum to Indonesia’s presidential palace.” 21 Oct, 2014. https://www.scmp.com/news/asia/article/1620817/joko-widodo-completes-rise-slum-indonesias-presidential-palace
  13. Dummer, Trevor J B. “Health geography: supporting public health policy and planning.” CMAJ : Canadian Medical Association journal = journal de l’Association medicale canadienne vol. 178,9 (2008): 1177–80. doi:10.1503/cmaj.071783
  14. United Nations Development Programme. Human Development Index (HDI) http://hdr.undp.org/en/content/human-development-index-hdi
  15. Swing, William Lacy — Director-General, International Organization for Migration (IOM). World Economic Forum. “How migrants who send money home have become a global economic force.” Published 14 Jun 2018. https://www.weforum.org/agenda/2018/06/migrants-remittance-global-economic-force
  16. United Nations Development Programme. Human Development Report 2016: Human Development for Everyone. New York 2016. http://hdr.undp.org/sites/default/files/2016_human_development_report.pdf
  17. Durrani, Hammad. “Healthcare and healthcare systems: inspiring progress and future prospects.” mHealth vol. 2 3. 2 Feb. 2016, doi:10.3978/j.issn.2306- 9740.2016.01.03
  18. Ibid.
  19. Ibid.
  20. Malala Yousafzai, https://malala.org/malalas-story
  21. Bado, Aristide Romaric, and A Sathiya Susuman. “Women’s Education and Health Inequalities in Under-Five Mortality in Selected Sub-Saharan African Countries, 1990–2015.” PloS one vol. 11,7 e0159186. 21 Jul. 2016, doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0159186
  22. Ibid.
  23. Clinton Global Initiative, “Empowering Girls & Women.” Accessed online December 3
  24. https://www.un.org/en/ecosoc/phlntrpy/notes/clinton.pdf
  25. Rine, Christine M. “Social Determinants of Health: Grand Challenges in Social Work’s Future.” Health & social work vol. 41,3 (2016): 143–145. doi:10.1093/hsw/hlw028
  26. Cockerham, William C et al. “The Social Determinants of Chronic Disease.” American journal of preventive medicine vol. 52,1S1 (2017): S5–S12. doi:10.1016/j. amepre.2016.09.010
  27. Australian Institute of Health and Welfare. “Deaths in Australia.” Last update August 7, 2020. https://www.aihw.gov.au/reports/life-expectancy-death/deaths/contents/life-expectancy
  28. Robert Wood Johnson Foundation, “Life Expectancy: Could where you live influence how long you live?” January 2020. https://www.rwjf.org/en/library/interactives/whereyouliveaffectshowlongyou ive.html
  29. Bahreynian, Maryam et al. “Association between Obesity and Parental Weight Status in Children and Adolescents.” Journal of clinical research in pediatric endocrinology vol. 9,2 (2017): 111–117. doi:10.4274/jcrpe.3790
  30. Weissman, Myrna & Wickramaratne, Priya & Nomura, Yoko & Warner, Virginia & Pilowsky, Daniel & Verdeli, Helen. (2006). “Offspring of Depressed Parents: 20 Years Later.” The American journal of psychiatry. 163. 1001–8. 10.1176/appi.ajp.163.6.1001.
  31. Weissman, M., P. Wickramaratne, M. Gameroff, V. Warner, D. Pilowsky, Rajni Gathibandhe Kohad, H. Verdeli, Jamie Skipper and A. Talati. “Offspring of Depressed Parents: 30 Years Later.” The American journal of psychiatry 173 10 (2016): 1024–
  32. Peele, Stanton. “My Genes Made Me Do It: Misunderstanding the role of genes fosters myths about mental illness.” Psychology Today. June 9, 2016. https://www. psychologytoday.com/us/articles/199507/my-genes-made-me-do-it
  33. Ibid.
  34. New England Complex Systems Institute. “RE-THINKING PSYCHOLOGY RESEARCH WITH JEROME KAGAN: A Complex Systems Problem?”. https://necsi.edu/rethinking-psychology-research-with-jerome-kagan\
  35. Connor, Steve. “Do Your Genes Make You A Criminal?” The Independent. Sunday 12 February 1995. https://www.independent.co.uk/news/uk/do-your-genes-make-you-criminal-1572714.html
  36. Baginni, Julian. “Do your genes determine your entire life?” The Guardian. 19th March, 2015. https://www.theguardian.com/science/2015/mar/19/do-your-genes-determine-your-entire-life
  37. Ibid.
  38. The Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific (ESCAP) – Chapter 9 [online] – accessed September 2021https://www.unescap.org/sites/default/files/ CH09.PDF

CHAPTER 3. CONNECTION IS MEDICINE

  1. Neil de Grasse Tyson, https://www.haydenplanetarium.org/tyson
  2. Cacioppo, J. T., Berntson, G. G., & Decety, J. (2010). “SOCIAL NEUROSCIENCE AND ITS RELATIONSHIP TO SOCIAL PSYCHOLOGY.” Social cognition, 28(6), 675–685. https://doi.org/10.1521/soco.2010.28.6.675
  3. Ceballos, Gerardo & Ehrlich, Paul & Dirzo, Rodolfo. (2017). “Biological annihilation via the ongoing sixth mass extinction signaled by vertebrate population losses and declines.” Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. 114. 201704949. 10
  4. Lieberman, M.D., Why Our Brains Are Wired to Connect. OUP Oxford, 10 October
  5. Lieberman, M. D. (2007). Social cognitive neuroscience: A review of core processes. Annual Review of Psychology.
  6. Lieberman, M. D., Berkman, E. T., & Wager, T. D. (2009). “Correlations in social neuroscience aren’t voodoo: A reply to Vul et al.” Perspectives on Psychological Science.Lieberman, M. D., Chang, G. Y., Chiao, J., Bookheimer, S. Y., & Knowlton, B. J. (2004). “An event-related fMRI study of artificial gram- mar learning in a balanced chunk strength design.” Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience, 16, 427–438.
  7. Lieberman, M. D., & Eisenberger, N. I. (2009). “Pains and pleasures of social life.”Science, 323, 890–891.
  8. Holt-Lunstad, Julianne, Timothy B. Smith, Mark Baker, Tyler Harris, and David Stephenson. “Loneliness and Social Isolation as Risk Factors for Mortality: A Meta- Analytic Review.” Perspectives on Psychological Science 10, no. 2 (March 2015): 227–37. https://doi.org/10.1177/1745691614568352.
  9. Bond, Michael. BBC. “How Extreme Isolation Warps Minds.” Published online 14th May 2014. https://www.bbc.com/future/article/20140514-how-extreme-isolation-warps-minds
  10. Lile, Christopher, May 18 2018. Jane Goodall Organisation. “Good news for all: The Greatest Danger to Our Future is Apathy for Endangered Species.” https://news. janegoodall.org/2018/05/18/greatest-danger-future-apathy-endangered-species
  11. Gilbert. P. (2015). “The evolution and social dynamics of compassion.” Journal of Social & Personality Psychology Compass, 9, 239–254. DOI: 10.1111/spc3.12176
  12. De Waal, Frans. Greater Good Science Center. Greater Good Magazine. “The Evolution of Empathy.” Published online Sept 1, 2005. https://greatergood.berkeley.edu/article/ item/the_evolution_of_empathy
  13. Ibid.
  14. Lynch, Patrick. NASA. Dec 25, 2016. Nasa People. “Piers Sellers: A Legacy of Science.” Nasa.org. https://www.nasa.gov/feature/goddard/2016/piers-sellers-a-legacy-of-science
  15. The Charles Chaplin Film Corporation. The Great Dictator. [New York, N.Y.] : Jewish Media Fund, 1997.

CHAPTER 4. GENES ARE MEDICINE

  1. Chopra, Deepak. Tanzi, Rudolph. Super Genes: Unlock the Astonishing Power of Your DNA for Optimum Health and Well-Being, Harmony; 1st edition, 10 November 2015
  2. https://nickvujicic.com
  3. Zelia Gregoriou & Marianna Papastephanou (2013) “The utopianism of John Locke’s natural learning.” Ethics and Education, 8:1, 18–30, DOI: 10.1080/17449642.2013.793959
  4. National Human Genome Research Institute, “The Human Genome Project,” https://www.genome.gov/human-genome-project
  5. Collins, Dr. Francis S. Director, National Human Genome Research Institute. “Remarks at the Press Conference Announcing Sequencing and Analysis of the Human Genome.” February 12, 2001. https://www.genome.gov/10001379/february-2001-working-draft-of-human-genome-director-collins
  6. The Chimpanzee Sequencing and Analysis Consortium., Waterson, R., Lander, E. et al. “Initial sequence of the chimpanzee genome and comparison with the human genome.” Nature 437, 69–87 (2005). https://doi.org/10.1038/nature04072
  7. 23&Me Blog post, “Genetic Similarities of Mice and Men.” April 20, 2012. https:// blog.23andme.com/23andme-and-you/genetics-101/genetic-similarities-of-mice-and-men
  8. National Human Genome Research Institute. “Genetics Versus Genomes Fact Sheet.” https://www.genome.gov/about-genomics/fact-sheets/Genetics-vs-Genomics
  9. MacArthur, D. “Superheroes of disease resistance.” Nat Biotechnol 34, 512–513 (2016). https://doi.org/10.1038/nbt.3555
  10. Ibid.
  11. Chen, R., Shi, L., Hakenberg, J. et al. “Analysis of 589,306 genomes identifies individuals resilient to severe Mendelian childhood diseases.” Nat Biotechnol 34, 531–538 (2016). https://doi.org/10.1038/nbt.3514
  12. Deloukas, P., Schuler, G. D., Gyapay, G., Beasley, E. M., Soderlund, C., Rodriguez-Tomé, P., Hui, L., Matise, T. C., McKusick, K. B., Beckmann, J. S., Bentolila, S., Bihoreau, M., Birren, B. B., Browne, J., Butler, A., Castle, A. B., Chiannilkulchai, N., Clee, C., Day, P. J., Dehejia, A., ... Bentley, D. R. (1998). “A physical map of 30,000 human genes.” Science (New York, N.Y.), 282(5389), 744–746. https://doi.org/10.1126/science.282.5389.744
  13. Marc A. Shampo, Robert A. Kyle, J. Craig Venter—The Human Genome Project, Mayo Clinic Proceedings, Volume 86, Issue 4, 2011,Pages e26–e27,ISSN 0025-6196, https:// doi.org/10.4065/mcp.2011.0160. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0025619611600232.
  14. Silverman, Paul H. “Rethinking genetic determinism: with only 30,000 genes, what is it that makes humans human?” The Scientist, vol. 18, no. 10, 24 May 2004, p. 32+. Gale Academic OneFile, https://link.gale.com/apps/doc/A117605464/AONE?u=googlescholar&sid=AONE&xid=4fb01c6c. Accessed 14 Dec. 2020.
  15. Kahan, Scott. Blog post —“Genes load the gun, environment pulls the trigger.” Published online October 18 2010. http://scottkahan.com/genes-load-the-gun-environment-pulls-the-trigger
  16. Williamson, R., Anderson, W., Duckett, SJ., Frazer, IH., Hillyard, C., Kowal, E., Mattick, JS., McLean CA., North, KN., Turner, A., Addison, C., (2018). The Future of Precision Medicine in Australia. Report for the Australian Council of Learned Academies, www. acola.org.au
  17. Lipton, Bruce. Blog article “How Our Thoughts Control Our DNA.” Published online June 10, 2014. https://www.brucelipton.com/blog/how-our-thoughts-control-our-dna
  18. ETH Zurich. “Controlling genes with your thoughts.” ScienceDaily. www.sciencedaily. com/releases/2014/11/141111111317.htm (accessed December 14, 2020).
  19. Robson, David. “The secrets of living to 200 years old.” BBC, Published online 17th September 2015. https://www.bbc.com/future/article/20150915-the-secrets-of-living-to-200-years-old
  20. Caulin, Aleah F, and Carlo C Maley. “Peto’s Paradox: evolution’s prescription for cancer prevention.” Trends in ecology & evolution vol. 26,4 (2011): 175–82. doi:10.1016/j.tree.2011.01.002
  21. Robson, David. “The secrets of living to 200 years old.” BBC, Published online 17th September 2015. https://www.bbc.com/future/article/20150915-the-secrets-of-living-to-200-years-old
  22. Hatfield, Dolph L. “Redox Pioneer: Professor Vadim N. Gladyshev.” Antioxidants & redox signaling vol. 25,1 (2016): 1–9. doi:10.1089/ars.2015.6625
  23. Lipton, Bruce. Blog article “How Our Thoughts Control Our DNA.” Published online June 10, 2014. https://www.brucelipton.com/blog/how-our-thoughts-control-our-dna

CHAPTER 5. MIND IS MEDICINE

  1. Brand, Russell. Russell Brand YouTube video, “The 12 Steps According To Russell Brand.” February 7, 2018. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=lK083EvyiMI
  2. Brand, Russell. Recovery: Freedom from Our Addictions, Pan Macmillan, 26th September 2017.
  3. Bértholo, Joanna. Shadow Working in Project Management: Understanding and Addressing the Irrational and Unconscious in Groups, Routledge, July 20, 2017.
  4. Justin, James. Mindset: How To Transform Your Life From Ordinary To Extraordinary. Orlando, 2016.
  5. Bértholo, Joanna. Shadow Working in Project Management: Understanding and Addressing the Irrational and Unconscious in Groups, Routledge, July 20, 2017.
  6. Durkheim, Emile. The Division of Labor in Society. Translated by W.D. Halls. New York: The Free Press, 1984.
  7. Jung, Carl. Collected Works of C.G. Jung, Volume 8: Structure and Dynamics of the Psyche: 008 Hardcover – Princeton University Press; 1 edition, 15 January 1970.
  8. E. Stanley Jones. The Christ of the Indian Road (1925). New York, Abingdon Press, p193–194, 195–196.
  9. Smetham, G. P, Journal of Consciousness Exploration & Research, November 2010 | Vol. 1 | Issue 8 | pp. 1048–1069 1056. Quantum Mind: Matrix of the Universe
  10. Laura Lee Colgin, Tobias Denninger, Marianne Fyhn, Torkel Hafting, Tora Bonnevie, Ole Jensen, May-Britt Moser & Edvard I. Moser. “Frequency of gamma oscillations routes flow of information in the hippocampus.” Nature, 2009; 462 (7271): 353 DOI: 10.1038/nature08573
  11. Ibid.
  12. Hawkins, David. Power vs. Force: The Hidden Determinants of Human Behavior.Veritas Publishing; 1st edition, May 15, 2012.
  13. Smithsonian National Museum of Natural History. “What does it mean to be human?” January 16, 2019. https://humanorigins.si.edu/human-characteristics/brains
  14. Ananthaswamy, Anil. “What separates us from other animals?” New Scientist. 22 January 2014. https://www.newscientist.com/article/mg22129531-100-what-separates-us-from-other-animals Suddendorf,
  15. Thomas. (2013). THE GAP — The Science of What Separates Us From Other Animals. http://thegap.psy.uq.edu.au
  16. Hofman, Michel A. “Evolution of the human brain: when bigger is better.” Frontiers in neuroanatomy vol. 8 15. 27 Mar. 2014, doi:10.3389/fnana.2014.00015
  17. Hofman M. A. (2014). “Evolution of the human brain and intelligence: from matter to mind.” Handbook of Intelligence: Evolutionary Theory, Historical Perspective and Current Concepts, eds Goldstein S., Naglieri J. A., Princiotta D. (Berlin, Springer Verlag:).
  18. Buzsáki G, Logothetis N, Singer W. “Scaling brain size, keeping timing: evolutionary preservation of brain rhythms.” Neuron. 2013;80(3):751-764. doi:10.1016/j. neuron.2013.10.002
  19. Damasio, Antonio. Descartes’ Error: Emotion, Reason, and the Human Brain. Putnam Publishing, 1994, hardcover.
  20. Damasio, Antonio. Descartes’ Error: Emotion, Reason, and the Human Brain. Putnam Publishing, 1994, hardcover.
  21. Graves, Christopher. Institute for Public Relations, Part One: “We Are Not Thinking Machines. We Are Feeling Machines That Think.” March 17, 2015. https:// instituteforpr.org/part-one-not-thinking-machines-feeling-machines-think
  22. Virginie Sterpenich, Arnaud D’Argembeau, Martin Desseilles, Evelyne Balteau,
  23. Geneviève Albouy, Gilles Vandewalle, Christian Degueldre, André Luxen, Fabienne Collette and Pierre Maquet, “The Locus Ceruleus Is Involved in the Successful Retrieval of Emotional Memories in Humans.” Journal of Neuroscience 12 July 2006, 26 (28) 7416–7423; DOI: https://doi.org/10.1523/JNEUROSCI.1001-06.2006. https:// www.jneurosci.org/content/26/28/7416
  24. Nielson, K. A., Yee, D., & Erickson, K. I. (2005). “Memory enhancement by a semantically unrelated emotional arousal source induced after learning.” Neurobiology of learning and memory, 84(1), 49–56. https://doi. org/10.1016/j. nlm.2005.04.001
  25. Ibid.
  26. Gardner, Howard. Frames of Mind: The Theory of Multiple Intelligences. Basic Books; 3 edition, March 29, 2011.
  27. Robinson, Ken. “Do schools kill creativity?” TED2006. https://www.ted.com/speakers/sir_ken_robinson
  28. Bhajan. Yogi. PhD. The Mind: Its Projections and Multiple Facets. Kundalini Research Institute; 1st edition June 15, 1998.
  29. Ibid.
  30. Rankin. Lissa. M.D. Mind Over Medicine: Scientific Proof That You Can Heal Yourself, Hay House Inc.; Reprint edition December 1, 2014.
  31. Butler, David. G, Moseley Lorimer. Explain Pain, NOI Group; 2nd edition September 25, 2013.
  32. Ibid.
  33. Doidge, Norman, M.D. The Brain’s Way of Healing, Bolinda Publishing, Tullamarine, Australia. 01 Apr 2015
  34. Ibid.

CHAPTER 6. FOOD IS MEDICINE

  1. Gunders, Dana. “Wasted: How America is Losing Up to 40 Percent of Its Food from Farm to Fork to Landfill.” Natural Resources Defense Council, 2017. Retrieved June
  2. from https://www.nrdc.org/sites/default/files/wasted-2017-report.pdf
  3. markbittman.com
  4. Dr Igor Tabrizian, Visual Textbook of Nutritional Medicine. NRS Publications, January 1, 2007.
  5. “Overfed but Undernourished,” by H. Curtis Wood, Jr. (Exposition Press. Inc., New York. 1959. Pp. 95. Health Education Journal 17, no. 2 (May 1959): 152–152. https://doi.org/10.1177/001789695901700218.
  6. Morgan, Heather. Blog Talk Radio with Heather Morgan. https://podcast.bodytalkradio.com/tag/heather-morgan
  7. The Nutrition Society, “Nutrigenomics. The basics.” https://www.nutritionsociety.org/ blog/nutrigenomics-basics
  8. Pollan, Michael. “How to Eat - Diet secrets from Michael Pollan (and your great-grandma)” January 23, 2010 https://michaelpollan.com/reviews/how-to-eat
  9. Statistics Canada. List of other Canadian Health Measures Survey (CHMS) documents available external icon. Carroll MD, Navaneelan T, Bryan S, Ogden CL. “Prevalence of obesity among children and adolescents in Canada and the United States.” NCHS data brief, no 211. Hyattsville, MD: National Center for Health Statistics. 2015.
  10. Ibid.
  11. Bancej, C., Jayabalasingham, B., Wall, R. W., Rao, D. P., Do, M. T., de Groh, M., & Jayaraman, G. C. (2015). “Evidence Brief--Trends and projections of obesity among Canadians.” Health promotion and chronic disease prevention in Canada : research, policy and practice, 35(7), 109–112. https://doi.org/10.24095/hpcdp.35.7.02Public Health Agency of Canada and Canadian Institute for Health Information . Obesity in Canada: a joint report from the Public Health Agency of Canada and the Canadian Institute for Health Information [Internet] Ottawa (ON): Public Health Agency of Canada; 2011 [cited 2014 Feb 25]. pp 29–30. Joint publication of Canadian Institute for Health Information. Available from: http://www.phac-aspc.gc.ca/hp-ps/hl-mvs/oic-oac/assets/pdf/oic-oac-eng.pdf.
  12. William Prout M.D. F.R.S. (1828) IX. “On the ultimate composition of simple alimentary substances; with some preliminary remarks on the analysis of organized bodies in general.” The Philosophical Magazine, 3:13, 31–40, DOI: 10.1080/14786442808674540
  13. Arnold, David. “British India and the “beriberi problem”, 1798–1942.” Medical history vol. 54,3 (2010): 295–314. doi:10.1017/s0025727300004622
  14. Shyamala Iyer. “Atoms & Life”. ASU – Ask A Biologist. 27 Sep 2009. ASU – Ask A Biologist, Web. 15 Dec 2020. https://askabiologist.asu.edu
  15. Thone, Frank. (1936). “Nature Ramblings: ‘Chnops,’ Plus”, Science News Letters (CHNOPS, pg. 110; protoplasm, pg. 110), 30(801), Aug 15.
  16. Helmenstine, Anne Marie. “What are the Elements In the Human Body?” Feb 24,
  17. https://www.thoughtco.com/elements-in-the-human-body-p2-602188
  18. Rahim Biad, Abder. Restoring the Bioelectrical Machine, Lulu Publishing. 12 November
  19. Helmenstine, Anne Marie. “Elements in the Human Body and What They Do.” Science Notes. Feb 7, 2019. https://sciencenotes.org/elements-in-the-human-body-and-what-they-do
  20. Vannucci, Letizia & Fossi, Caterina & Quattrini, Sara & Guasti, Leonardo & Pampaloni, Barbara & Gronchi, Giorgio & Giusti, Francesca & Romagnoli, Cecilia & Cianferotti, Luisella & Marcucci, Gemma & Brandi, Maria. (2018). “Calcium Intake in Bone Health: A Focus on Calcium-Rich Mineral Waters.” Nutrients. 10. 1930. 10.3390/nu10121930.
  21. Jaishankar, M., Tseten, T., Anbalagan, N., Mathew, B. B., & Beeregowda, K. N. (2014). “Toxicity, mechanism and health effects of some heavy metals.” Interdisciplinary toxicology, 7(2), 60–72. https://doi.org/10.2478/intox-2014-0009
  22. Wolfe, David. Longevity Now: A Comprehensive Approach to Healthy Hormones, Detoxification, Super Immunity, Reversing Calcification, and Total Rejuvenation, North Atlantic Books; 1st edition, 12 November 2013.
  23. The Department for Environment, Food & Rural Affairs, United Kingdom.
  24. Project Organic. “Organic – What does it actually mean?” Published online. https://projectorganic.com.au/what-to-expect. Sourced from The Department for Agriculture and Rural Affairs, United Kingdom.
  25. White, D. L., Savas, L. S., Daci, K., Elserag, R., Graham, D. P., Fitzgerald, S. J., Smith, S. L., Tan, G., & El-Serag, H. B. (2010).” Trauma history and risk of the irritable bowel syndrome in women veterans.” Alimentary pharmacology & therapeutics, 32(4), 551–561. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2036.2010.04387.x
  26. Whitehead WE, Palsson O, Jones KR. “Systematic review of the comorbidity of irritable bowel syndrome with other disorders: what are the causes and implications?” Gastroenterology. 2002;122:1140–1156.
  27. Harvard Health Publishing. “Stress and the sensitive gut. Psychotherapy may help ease persistent gastrointestinal distress.” The Harvard mental health letter vol. 27,2 (2010): 6.
  28. Clapp M, Aurora N, Herrera L, Bhatia M, Wilen E, Wakefield S. “Gut microbiota’s effect on mental health: The gut-brain axis.” Clin Pract. 2017;7(4):987. Published 2017 Sep
  29. doi:10.4081/cp.2017.987 https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5641835
  30. Carabotti M, Scirocco A, Maselli MA, Carola S. “The gut-brain axis: interactions between enteric microbiota, central and enteric nervous systems.” Ann Gastroent 2015;28:203-9.
  31. Monash University. “FODMAPS and Irritable Bowel Syndrome.” Retrieved Dec 2020. https://www.monashfodmap.com/about-fodmap-and-ibs
  32. Lee, H., Kim, S., & Kim, D. (2014). “Effects of exercise with or without light exposure on sleep quality and hormone reponses.” Journal of exercise nutrition & biochemistry, 18(3), 293–299. https://doi.org/10.5717/jenb.2014.18.3.293
  33. Zhang, Jim & Wei, Yongjie & Fang, Zhangfu. (2019). “Ozone Pollution: A Major Health Hazard Worldwide.” Frontiers in Immunology. 10. 2518. 10.3389/fimmu.2019.02518.
  34. Ramasamy, Kannamani & S., Jayakumar & M., Somasundaram. (2020). “Enchanted Improvements in Air Quality across India – A Study from COVID-19 Lockdown Perspective.” SSRN Electronic Journal. 10.2139/ssrn.3596001.
  35. EPA. Overview of the Clean Air Act and Air Pollution. https://www.epa.gov/clean-air- act-overview
  36. Bada, Ferdinand. “Which Cities Have the Cleanest Air?” WorldAtlas. Published online May 9 2018. https://www.worldatlas.com/articles/the-cleanest-major-cities-in-the-world.html
  37. Barrington, Mitch. “The Cleanest Water On Earth? Hint: It’s Not Rainwater!” Food Matters. Published online October 12, 2018. https://www.foodmatters.com/article/ cleanest-water-on-earth
  38. Novak, Sara. “What’s the best type of water to drink?” Organic Authority. April 11, 2019. https://www.organicauthority.com/energetic-health/whats-the-best-type-of- water-to-drink
  39. Weidman, Joseph et al. “Effect of electrolyzed high-pH alkaline water on blood viscosity in healthy adults.” Journal of the International Society of Sports Nutrition vol. 13 45. 28 Nov. 2016, doi:10.1186/s12970-016-0153-8
  40. Novak, Sara. “What’s the best type of water to drink?” Organic Authority. April 11, 2019. https://www.organicauthority.com/energetic-health/whats-the-best-type-of-water-to-drink
  41. Katz, David. “The Case for Eating ‘Mostly Plants,’ in 260 Words.” Huffington Post article. Published online 04/09/2012. Updated June 9, 2012. https://www.huffpost. com/entry/healthy-diet_b_1410803
  42. Pollan, Michael. “How to Eat - Diet secrets from Michael Pollan (and your great-grandma)” January 23, 2010 https://michaelpollan.com/reviews/how-to-eat
  43. Friend, Catherine. The Compassionate Carnivore: Or, How to Keep Animals Happy, Save Old MacDonald’s Farm, Reduce Your Hoofprint, and Still Eat Meat. Capo Lifelong Books; 1 edition, 28 April 2009.

CHAPTER 7. MOVEMENT IS MEDICINE

  1. https://bethanyhamilton.com
  2. https://nickvujicic.com
  3. Edwards, S. (2002) Neurological Physiotherapy: A Problem Solving Approach. Second Edition. Churchill Livingstone, London.
  4. Anne Shumway-Cook Marjorie Hines Woollacott. Motor Control: Translating Research into Clinical Practice – Lippincott Williams and Wilkins; 4th revised North American ed edition (1 February 2011)
  5. Kathleen Haywood, Nancy Getchell. Life Span Motor Development With Web Study Guide 6ed Hardcover, Human Kinetics, Inc.; 6 edition (15 July 2014) Raine, Sue. Meadows, Linzi. Lynch-Ellerington, Mary. Bobath Concept Theory and Clinical Practice in Neurological Rehabilitation, Wiley-Blackwell, July, 2009.
  6. Nieman, David. The Exercise-Health Connection: How to Reduce Your Risk of Disease and Other Illnesses by Making Exercise Your Medicine, Human Kinetics, 1998.
  7. Constance G. Bacon, Murray A. Mittleman, Ichiro Kawachi, et al. “Sexual Function in Men Older Than 50 Years of Age: Results from the Health Professionals Follow-up Study.” Ann Intern Med.2003;139:161–168. [Epub ahead of print 5 August 2003]. doi:10.7326/0003-4819-139-3-200308050-00005
  8. Nieman, David & Wentz, Laurel. (2018). “The compelling link between physical activity and the body’s defense system.” Journal of Sport and Health Science. 8. 10.1016/j. jshs.2018.09.009.
  9. Akil, Luma, and H Anwar Ahmad. “Relationships between obesity and cardiovascular diseases in four southern states and Colorado.” Journal of health care for the poor and underserved vol. 22,4 Suppl (2011): 61–72. doi:10.1353/hpu.2011.0166 Hill, James. Wyatt, Holly R. “Role of physical activity in preventing and treating obesity.” Journal of Applied Physiology 2005 99:2, 765–770
  10. Pilates, Joseph H., and William John Miller. 1960. Return to life through contrology.
  11. Ibid.
  12. TheBox, “Origins of CrossFit.” Published online October 9, 2012. https://www.theboxmag.com/training/origins-of-crossfit-9629
  13. SCHMIDT, R. A., &WRISBERG, C. A. Motor learning and performance: A problem-based learning approach. 2000 (2nd ed.). Champaign, IL: Human Kinetics.
  14. Martin, Suzanne. Kessler, Mayr. Neurologic Interventions for Physical Therapy 3rd Edition, Saunders; 3 edition July 8, 2015.
  15. Ibid.
  16. Ibid.
  17. Seidler RD, Bo J, Anguera JA. “Neurocognitive contributions to motor skill learning: the role of working memory.” J Mot Behav. 2012;44(6):445–453. doi:10.1080/00222895.2012.672348
  18. Gladwell, Malcolm. Outliers: The Story of Success. New York :Little, Brown and Company, 2008.
  19. Fitts, Paul Morris, and Michael I. Posner. 1967. Human performance. Belmont, Calif: Brooks/Cole Pub. Co.
  20. Ibid.
  21. Weaver, Janelle. “Motor Learning Unfolds over Different Timescales in Distinct Neural Systems.” PLoS biology vol. 13,12 e1002313. 8 Dec. 2015, doi:10.1371/journal.pbio.1002313
  22. Vansant, A. F. (1995). “Development of posture.” In. D. Cech & S. T. Martin (Eds.), Functional movement development across the life span (pp.276–291).
  23. Cech, Donna & Martin, S.T.. (2012). Functional Movement Development Across the Life Span. 10.1016/C2009-0-60730-3.
  24. http://www.idoportal.com
  25. http://www.idoportal.com/blog
  26. National Research Council (US) and Institute of Medicine (US) Panel on Musculoskeletal Disorders and the Workplace. Musculoskeletal Disorders and the Workplace: Low Back and Upper Extremities. Washington (DC): National Academies Press (US); 2001. Available from: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/books/NBK222440
  27. American Psychological Association. “How stress affects your health.” 2013, January
  28. https://www.apa.org/topics/stress-health
  29. Janig, W. (2003). The autonomic nervous system and its coordination by the brain. In Davidson, R. J., Scherer, K. R., & Goldsmith, H. H. (Eds.), Handbook of affective sciences (pp. 135–187).3 Oxford: Oxford University Press.

CHAPTER 8. WORK IS MEDICINE

  1. Hanalei Swan. https://hanaleiswan.com
  2. McCormack, Mark. (1984) What They Don’t Teach You at Harvard Business School. Section 3: Running a Business, Chapter 11: Building a Business, Section: Charge for Your Expertise, pp 169, Bantam Books, New York.
  3. World Cash Report 2018. Jesus Rosano Divisional CEO, G4S Global Cash Solutions. https://cashessentials.org/app/uploads/2018/07/2018-world-cash-report.pdf
  4. The Survey of Consumer Finances (CSF). Federal Reserve. https://www.federalreserve.gov/econres/scf-previous-surveys.htm
  5. The Global Economy. “Percent people with credit cards – Country rankings.” https://www.theglobaleconomy.com/rankings/people_with_credit_cards
  6. Frank, Robert. “The Perfect Salary for Happiness: $75,000.” The Wall St Journal. Sept. 7, 2010. https://www.wsj.com/articles/BL-WHB-3576
  7. Bennett, Roy. The Light in the Heart: Inspirational Thoughts for Living Your Best Life. Roy Bennett, 25 February 2016.
  8. Rohn, Jim. “Rohn: 6 Essential Traits of Good Character.” Success, October 9, 2016 https://www.success.com/rohn-6-essential-traits-of-good-character
  9. Eisenstein, Charles. “The Ascent of Humanity.” Published online February 2007. https://charleseisenstein.org/essays/the-ascent-of-humanity
  10. Demartini, John. The Demartini Value Determination Process. https://drdemartini.com/values
  11. Covey, Stephen R. The Seven Habits of Highly Effective People: Restoring the Character Ethic. New York: Simon and Schuster, 1989.
  12. Ibid.
  13. Ferriss, Timothy., Ray Porter, and OverDrive Inc. The 4-hour Workweek: Escape 9–5, Live Anywhere, and Join the New Rich. Expanded & updated ; unabridged. Ashland, Or.: Blackstone Audio, 2009.
  14. World Wildlife Fund. https://wwf.panda.org/discover/our_focus/forests_practice/ deforestation_fronts2/deforestation_in_the_amazon/?
  15. Brady, Jeff. NPR, “Teen Climate Activist Greta Thunberg Arrives In New York After Sailing The Atlantic.” Published online August 28, 2019. https://www.npr. org/2019/08/28/754818342/teen-climate-activist-greta-thunberg-arrives-in-new-york- after-sailing-the-atlan

CHAPTER 9. LIFESTYLE IS MEDICINE

  1. High On Life. https://www.youtube.com/user/sundayfundayz/about
  2. Grace Hopper Fullstack Academy. “Grace Hopper: 8 Interesting Facts About the Computer Science Pioneer.” https://www.gracehopper.com/8-facts-about-grace-hopper
  3. Hunter S. Thompson, The Proud Highway: Saga of a Desperate Southern Gentleman, 1955–1967, (Gonzo Letters Book 1). Ballantine Books (1 August 2012)
  4. Steiner, R. (1919/1996). The foundations of human experience (R. F. Lathe, Trans.). Great Barrington, MA: Anthroposophic Press. Based on Steiner Lectures (1919).
  5. Kraut, Richard, “Aristotle’s Ethics.” The Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy (Summer 2018 Edition), Edward N. Zalta (ed.). https://plato.stanford.edu/archives/sum2018/entries/aristotle-ethics
  6. Ibid.
  7. Ibid.
  8. Dooley, Mike. Notes From The Universe. Atria Books/Beyond Words; 1 edition. 18 September 2007.
  9. Mihaly Csikszentmihályi. Flow: The Psychology of Optimal Experience. 1990. Harper & Row.
  10. Frankl, Viktor E. (Viktor Emil), 1905–1997. Man’s Search for Meaning; an Introduction to Logotherapy. Boston :Beacon Press, 1962.
  11. Mihaly Csikszentmihályi. Flow: The Psychology of Optimal Experience. 1990. Harper & Row, Page 271.
  12. Mihaly Csikszentmihályi. Flow: The Psychology of Optimal Experience. 1990. Harper & Row, Page 68.
  13. Greger, Michael Dr. https://nutritionfacts.org. https://drgreger.org/products/how-not-to-die
  14. Greger, Michael Dr. Nutrition Facts. “Eliminate Most of Your Chronic Disease Risk in
  15. Four Steps.” September 22nd, 2015. https://nutritionfacts.org/2015/09/22/eliminate-most-of-your-chronic-disease-risk-in-four-easy-steps
  16. Wahls, Terry L. “The seventy percent solution.” Journal of general internal medicinevol.26,10 (2011): 1215-6. doi:10.1007/s11606-010-1631-3
  17. Willett, Walter C. “Balancing life-style and genomics research for disease prevention.” Science (New York, N.Y.) vol. 296,5568 (2002): 695-8. doi:10.1126/science.1071055
  18. Greger, Michael Dr. Nutrition Facts. “Eliminate Most of Your Chronic Disease Risk in Four Steps.” September 22nd, 2015. https://nutritionfacts.org/2015/09/22/eliminate- most-of-your-chronic-disease-risk-in-four-easy-steps
  19. Ford, Earl S et al. “Healthy lifestyle behaviors and all-cause mortality among adults in the United States.” Preventive medicine vol. 55,1 (2012): 23-7. doi:10.1016/j. ypmed.2012.04.016
  20. Greger, Michael Dr. Nutrition Facts. “Turning the Clock Back 14 Years.” Video, June 2nd, 2014 Volume 19 https://nutritionfacts.org/video/turning-the-clock-back-14-years
  21. Greger, Michael Dr. Nutrition Facts. “Eliminate Most of Your Chronic Disease Risk in Four Steps.” September 22nd, 2015. https://nutritionfacts.org/2015/09/22/eliminate- most-of-your-chronic-disease-risk-in-four-easy-steps
  22. Ibid.
  23. Dr David Katz. https://www.truehealthinitiative.org
  24. Katz, David & Williams, Anna-Leila & Girard, Christine & Goodman, Jonathan & Comerford, Beth & Behrman, Alyse & Bracken, Michael. (2003). “The evidence base for complementary and alternative medicine: methods of Evidence Mapping with application to CAM. Alternative therapies in health and medicine.” 9. 22–30.
  25. Egger, Garry & Binns, Andrew & Rossner, Stephan. (2009). “The emergence of “lifestyle medicine” As a structured approach for management of chronic disease.” The Medical journal of Australia. 190. 143-5. 10.5694/j.1326-5377.2009.tb02317.x.
  26. The IQVIA Institute for Human Data Science. https://www.iqvia.com/insights/the-iqvia-institute
  27. Ibid.
  28. Egger, Garry & Binns, Andrew & Rossner, Stephan. (2009). “The emergence of “lifestyle medicine” As a structured approach for management of chronic disease.” The Medical journal of Australia. 190. 143-5. 10.5694/j.1326-5377.2009.tb02317.x.
  29. Barbour KA, Edenfield TM, Blumenthal JA. “Exercise as a treatment for depression and other psychiatric disorders: a review.” J Cardiopulm Rehabil Prev 2007; 27: 359-367.

CHAPTER 10. SPIRIT IS MEDICINE

  1. James, Alfred. Blog article, “Spirituality – What Does it Really Mean?” Pocket Mindfulness. https://www.pocketmindfulness.com/definition-of-spirituality
  2. Tzu, Lao. The Tao Te Ching. Legge translation of the Tao Teh King at Project Gutenberg. https://www.gutenberg.org/ebooks/216
  3. Dalai Lama XIV. Policy of Kindness: An Anthology of Writings by and about the Dalai Lama. Snow Lion; 2nd edition (12 August 2012).
  4. Ibid.
  5. Ibid.
  6. Ibid.
  7. Ibid.

CHAPTER 11. MODERN MEDICINE

  1. Original story by Dr. Emill Kim. Mind-Body Green. “What’s the Difference Between Eastern & Western Medicine?” https://www.mindbodygreen.com/0-5860/Whats-the-Difference-Between-Eastern-Western-Medicine.html
  2. Ibid.
  3. Ibid.
  4. Zhongguo Zhong xi yi jie he za zhi Zhongguo Zhongxiyi jiehe zazhi = Chinese journal of integrated traditional and Western medicine vol. 33,9 (2013): 1157. World Health Organization. Address at the International Conference on the Modernization of Traditional Chinese Medicine in 2016.
  5. Lakner, Christoph, Daniel Gerszon Mahler, Mario Negre, and Espen Beer Prydz. 2020. “How Much Does Reducing Inequality Matter for Global Poverty?” Global Poverty Monitoring Technical Note 13 (June), World Bank, Washington, DC
  6. Sachs, Jeffrey. The End of Poverty: Economic Possibilities for Our Time. 2006. New York: Penguin Books
  7. Zhongguo Zhong xi yi jie he za zhi Zhongguo Zhongxiyi jiehe zazhi = Chinese journal of integrated traditional and Western medicine vol. 33,9 (2013): 1157. World Health Organization. Address at the International Conference on the Modernization of Traditional Chinese Medicine in 2016.
  8. Masic, I., Miokovic, M., & Muhamedagic, B. (2008). “Evidence based medicine – new approaches and challenges.” Acta informatica medica : AIM : journal of the Society for Medical Informatics of Bosnia & Herzegovina : casopis Drustva za medicinsku informatiku BiH, 16(4), 219–225. https://doi.org/10.5455/aim.2008.16.219-225. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3789163
  9. Mountain, Michael. “Scientists Declare: Non-Human Animals Are Conscious.” Earth In Transition. July 30, 2012. http://www.earthintransition.org/2012/07/scientists-declare-nonhuman-animals-are-conscious
  10. Butler DS, Moseley GL 2003 Explain Pain Second edition (2013) Noigroup Publications, Adelaide.
  11. Masic, I., Miokovic, M., & Muhamedagic, B. (2008). “Evidence based medicine – new approaches and challenges.“ Acta informatica medica : AIM : journal of the Society for Medical Informatics of Bosnia & Herzegovina : casopis Drustva za medicinsku informatiku BiH, 16(4), 219–225. https://doi.org/10.5455/aim.2008.16.219-225
  12. Manheimer E, Wieland S, Kimbrough E, Cheng K, Berman BM. “Evidence from the Cochrane Collaboration for Traditional Chinese Medicine therapies.” J Altern Complement Med. 2009;15(9):1001-1014. doi:10.1089/ acm.2008.0414
  13. Zhongguo Zhong xi yi jie he za zhi Zhongguo Zhongxiyi jiehe zazhi = Chinese journal of integrated traditional and Western medicine vol. 33,9 (2013): 1157. World Health Organization. Address at the International Conference on the Modernization of Traditional Chinese Medicine in 2016.
  14. Lu AP, Jia HW, Xiao C, Lu QP. “Theory of traditional Chinese medicine and therapeutic method of diseases.” World J Gastroenterol. 2004;10(13):1854-1856. doi:10.3748/wjg. v10.i13.1854, https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4572216
  15. Tsokos GC, Nepom GT. “Gene therapy in the treatment of autoimmune diseases.” J Clin Invest. 2000;106:181–183.
  16. Wang, X., Chen, K., & Wang, W. (1998). Zhongguo Zhong xi yi jie he za zhi Zhongguo Zhongxiyi jiehe zazhi = Chinese journal of integrated traditional and Western medicine, 18(7), 399–401.
  17. World Health Organization. Address at the International Conference on the Modernization of Traditional Chinese Medicine in 2016.
  18. Australian Bureau of Statistics, October 23 2020. “Causes of Death, Australia.” https://www.abs.gov.au/statistics/health/causes-death/causes-death-australia/latest- release
  19. Walsh, Robin. October 1, 2010. “A History of The Pharmaceutical Industry.” SCRIBD, accessed online June 17, 2021. https://www.scribd.com/document/378721439/A-History-of-the-Pharmaceutical-Industry
  20. Soine, Aeleah, and Sioban Nelson. “Selling the (Anti-) Smoking Nurse: Tobacco Advertising and Commercialism in the American Journal of Nursing.” Journal of Women’s History 30, no. 3 (2018): 82–106. doi:10.1353/jowh.2018.0031.
  21. Ibid.
  22. Holland, Brynn, History. April 1 2019. “7 of the Most Outrageous Medical Treatments in History: Why were parents giving their children heroin in the 1880s?” https://www. history.com/news/7-of-the-most-outrageous-medical-treatments-in-history
  23. Walsh, Robin. October 1, 2010. “A History of The Pharmaceutical Industry.” SCRIBD, accessed online June 17, 2021. https://www.scribd.com/document/378721439/A-History-of-the-Pharmaceutical-Industry
  24. pharmacenter. Updated May 5 2021. “Top pharmaceutical companies by revenues in 2021.” https://www.ipharmacenter.com/post/top-pharmaceutical-companies-by-revenues-in-2021
  25. Sivan Gazit, Roei Shlezinger, Galit Perez et al. “Comparing SARS-CoV-2 natural immunity to vaccine-induced immunity: reinfections versus breakthrough infections.” medRxiv 2021.08.24.21262415; doi: https://doi.org/10.1101/2021.08.24.21262415
  26. Hall, V. J., Foulkes, S., Charlett, A., Atti, A., Monk, E., Simmons, R., Wellington, E., Cole, M. J., Saei, A., Oguti, B., Munro, K., Wallace, S., Kirwan, P. D., Shrotri, M., Vusirikala, A., Rokadiya, S., Kall, M., Zambon, M., Ramsay, M., Brooks, T., ... SIREN Study Group (2021). “SARS-CoV-2 infection rates of antibody-positive compared with antibody- negative health-care workers in England: a large, multicentre, prospective cohort study (SIREN)” Lancet (London, England), 397(10283), 1459–1469. https://doi. org/10.1016/S0140-6736(21)00675-9
  27. Wolff, Mark. Oct 1, 2021, “Powerful Natural Immunity Debate in the Senate this is Power,” - Senator Rand Paul debates natural immunity with Xavier Becerra United States Secretary of Health & Human Services, YouTube. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=vPsjH-FJFww
  28. United States Patent https://patentimages.storage.googleapis.com/a8/c0/6a/0584dd67435ef2/US7279327. pdf, https://patentimages.storage.googleapis.com/6b/c3/21/a62eb55a0e678c/US7220852.pdf
  29. Lerner, Sharon. March 14, 2020. “BIG PHARMA PREPARES TO PROFIT FROM THE CORONAVIRUS: Pharmaceutical companies view the coronavirus pandemic as a once-in-a-lifetime business opportunity.” The Intercept. https://theintercept. com/2020/03/13/big-pharma-drug-pricing-coronavirus-profits
  30. The United States Department of Justice, Wednesday, September 2, 2009, Justice News, “Justice Department Announces Largest Health Care Fraud Settlement in Its History: Pfizer to Pay $2.3 Billion for Fraudulent Marketing.” Washington. Accessed June 21 2021, https://www.justice.gov/opa/pr/justice-department-announces-largest-health-care-fraud-settlement-its-history
  31. Hotten, Russell, BBC New York. Business and Human Right Resource Centre, 28 August 2019, “US court rules drugmaker Johnson & Johnson must pay $572m for its role in opioid crisis in Oklahoma.” Accessed June 21, 2021. https://www.business- humanrights.org/en/latest-news/us-court-rules-drugmaker-johnson-johnson-must-pay-572m-for-its-role-in-opioid-crisis-in-oklahoma
  32. Kallet, Arthur; F.J. Schlink, 100,000,000 Guinea Pigs: Dangers in Everyday Foods, Drugs, and Cosmetics, Grosset & Dunlap, New York, 1933.
  33. Peterson-Withorn, Chase. Dec 16 2020. Forbes Magazine. “The World’s Billionaires Have Gotten $1.9 Trillion Richer In 2020.” https://www.forbes.com/sites/chasewithorn/2020/12/16/the-worlds-billionaires-have-gotten-19-trillion-richer-in- 2020/?sh=7593e99e7386
  34. Gates, Bill. “Bill Gates: The Best Investment I’ve Ever Made.” The Wall Street Journal. https://www.wsj.com/articles/bill-gates-the-best-investment-ive-ever-made-11547683309
  35. Mukulic, Matej. Statista. November 5 2020. ”Global pharmaceutical industry: statistics & facts” accessed online June 21 2021. https://www.statista.com/topics/1764/global-pharmaceutical-industry
  36. Hacker, Miles. Editor(s): Miles Hacker, William Messer, Kenneth Bachmann, Pharmacology Principles and Practice 2009, “Chapter 13: Adverse Drug Reactions” Academic Press, pp. 327–352. Published online via Science Direct https://www. sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/B9780123695215000130
  37. National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIH). (n.d) “Opioid Overdose Crisis.” https://www. drugabuse.gov/drug-topics/opioids/opioid-overdose-crisis
  38. Sigalos, MacKenzie. CNBC, December 23 2020. “You can’t sue Pfizer or Moderna if you have severe Covid vaccine side effects. The government likely won’t compensate you for damages either.” https://www.cnbc.com/2020/12/16/covid-vaccine-side- effects-compensation-lawsuit.html
  39. Endocrine Society. “Endocrine Disrupting Chemicals.” https://www.endocrine.org/topics/edc
  40. Whiteman, Honor. February 4 2015. Medical News Today. ‘1 in 2 people will develop cancer in their lifetime’ – online article https://www.medicalnewstoday.com/ articles/288916
  41. Taylor, Roy. “Calorie restriction for long-term remission of type 2 diabetes.” Clinical medicine (London, England) vol. 19,1 (2019): 37–42. doi:10.7861/clinmedicine.19-1-37
  42. Environmental News Network, 13 September 2017. “Type 2 Diabetes is a Reversible Condition.” https://www.enn.com/articles/52481-type-2-diabetes-is-a-reversible-condition
  43. bid.
  44. Ibid.
  45. NCD Risk Factor Collaboration (NCD-RisC) (2016). “Worldwide trends in diabetes since 1980: a pooled analysis of 751 population-based studies with 4.4 million participants.” Lancet (London, England), 387(10027), 1513–1530. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0140-6736(16)00618-8
  46. Rosenthal E. “When High Prices Mean Needless Death.” JAMA Intern Med. 2019;179(1):114–115. doi:10.1001/jamainternmed.2018.5007
  47. Belluz, Julia. “The absurdly high cost of insulin, explained: Why Americans ration a drug discovered in the 1920s.” Vox [online] November 17, 2109. https://www.vox. com/2019/4/3/18293950/why-is-insulin-so-expensive
  48. Ibid.

CHAPTER 12 TECHNOLOGY

  1. http://www.basilleaftech.com/dxter
  2. Ostler, Blair. “Technology Is Nature.” http://www.blaireostler.com/journal/2018/2/13/technology-is-nature
  3. Ibid.
  4. Ibid.
  5. Ibid.
  6. Flatt, Molly. “Nature and Technology: friends or enemies?” Earth. BBC. Published online 16 July 2015. http://www.bbc.com/earth/story/20150703-can-nature-and-technology-be-friends
  7. Laulicht, Bryan et al. “Quick-release medical tape.” Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America vol. 109,46 (2012): 18803-8. doi:10.1073/pnas.1216071109
  8. Tarasov, Sergey & Gaponenko, Vadim & Howard, O. M. & Chen, Yuhong & Oppenheim, Joost & Dyba, Marzena & Subramaniam, Sriram & Lee, Youngshim & Michejda, Christopher & Tarasova, Nadya. (2011). “Structural plasticity of a transmembrane peptide allows self-assembly into biologically active nanoparticles.”Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America. 108. 9798-803. 10.1073/pnas.1014598108.
  9. Plattner Luca, “Optical properties of the scales of Morpho rhetenor butterflies: theoretical and experimental investigation of the back-scattering of light in the visible spectrum.” J. R. Soc. Interface. 22 November 2004, 149–59
  10. PEARY, Brett & Shaw, Rajib & TAKEUCHI, Yukiko. (2012). “Utilization of Social Media in the East Japan Earthquake and Tsunami and its Effectiveness.” Journal of Natural Disaster Science. 34. 3–18. 10.2328/jnds.34.3.
  11. FEMA, Disaster Reporter. https://www.fema.gov/disaster-reporter
  12. Cash, Hilarie et al. “Internet Addiction: A Brief Summary of Research and Practice.” Current psychiatry reviews vol. 8,4 (2012): 292–298. doi:10.2174/157340012803520513
  13. F, Carolyn. “Elon Musk’s vision for the world’s transition to sustainable energy.” Teslarati. Feb 17, 2017. https://www.teslarati.com/elon-musk-vision-worlds- transition-to-sustainable-energy
  14. https://neuralink.com
  15. Ibid.
  16. Freeman, D., Lister, R., Waite, F. et al. “Automated psychological therapy using virtual reality (VR) for patients with persecutory delusions: study protocol for a single-blind parallel-group randomised controlled trial.” (THRIVE). Trials 20, 87 (2019). https://doi. org/10.1186/s13063-019-3198-6
  17. http://www.iflytek.com/en
  18. Institute of Medicine (US) Committee on Quality of Health Care in America; Kohn LT, Corrigan JM, Donaldson MS, editors. To Err is Human: Building a Safer Health System. Washington (DC): National Academies Press (US); 2000. 2, Errors in Health Care: A Leading Cause of Death and Injury. Available from: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/books/NBK225187
  19. Goyal, Manu & Knackstedt, Thomas & Yan, Shaofeng & Oakley, Amanda & Hassanpour, Saeed. (2019). “Artificial Intelligence for Diagnosis of Skin Cancer: Challenges and Opportunities.”

THE 12 MEDICINES AND BEYOND

  1. Planck, Max K. (1950). Scientific Autobiography and Other Papers. New York: Philosophical Library.

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